UCR

Environmental Health & Safety



Definitions


The following definitions may be helpful when conducting presentations/ conversations with students, faculty, and/or staff. The definitions are a simple guide to formulate an educational consistency between individuals of the campus community.

Adversary
  1. A group or a personified force, contending against another.
  2. Adverse; someone who confronts through hostility. Being or acting in a contrary way.
Ally

A member of the "majority" group who rejects the dominant ideology and takes action against oppression out of a belief that eliminating oppression will benefit the target group and the minority group.

Cross-dresser

Someone who wears clothes of another gender/sex.

Drag

The performance of one or multiple genders theatrically. Drag King – A person who performs masculinity theatrically.

Drag Queen

A person who performs femininity theatrically.

FTM / F2M

Abbreviation for female-to-male transgender or transsexual person.

Gender Identity

A person’s sense of being masculine, feminine, or other gendered.

Gender Normative

A person who by nature or by choice conforms to gender based expectations of society. (Also referred to as ‘Genderstraight’.)

Gender Variant

A person who either by nature or by choice does not conform to gender-based expectations of society (i.e., transgender, transsexual, intersex, genderqueer, cross-dresser, etc.).

Genderqueer

A gender variant person whose gender identity is neither male nor female, is between or beyond genders, or is some combination of genders. Often includes a political agenda to challenge gender stereotypes and the gender binary system.

Intersexed Person

Someone whose sex a doctor has a difficult time categorizing as either male or female. A person whose combination of chromosomes, gonads, hormones, internal sex organs, gonads, and/or genitals differs from one of the two expected patterns.

Oppresion
  1. Prejudice and power.
  2. A systematic social phenomenon based on the difference between social groups that involves ideological domination, institutional control, and the promulgation of the oppressor group's ideology, logic system and culture on the oppressed group. The result is the exploitation of one social group by another for its own benefit, real or imagined.
Power

Access and availability to resources needed to get what you want and to influence others.

Prejudice

A set of negative beliefs, generalized about a whole group of people.
 

Privilege

A right that only some people have access or availability to because of their social group membership

Stereotype

A set of beliefs, generalized about a whole group of people.
 

Targets

Members of a social identity group that are disenfranchised, exploited, and/or victimized in a variety of ways by the oppressor and the oppressor's system or institutions. Target groups are those which, are subject to containment, having their choices and movement restricted; being subjected to exploitation, marginalization, and powerlessness. 

Trans

An abbreviation that is sometimes used to refer to a gender variant person. This use allows a person to state a gender variant identity without having to disclose hormonal or surgical status/intentions. This term is sometimes used to refer to the gender variant community as a whole.

Transgendered (Trans) Community

A loose category of people who transcend gender norms in a wide variety of ways. The central ethic of this community is unconditional acceptance of individual exercise of freedoms including gender and sexual identity and orientation.

Transphobia

The irrational fear of those who are gender variant and/or the inability to deal with gender ambiguity.

Transsexual

A person who identifies psychologically as a gender/sex other than the one to which they were assigned at birth. Transsexuals often wish to transform their bodies hormonally and surgically to match their inner sense of gender/sex.

Reference

University of California Riverside. (2009). Ideas for allies of the transgender and intersex communities. Retrieved June 1, 2009 from the LGBT Resource Center website http://out.ucr.edu/pdf/TransAllies.pdf

University of New Hampshire. (2009). Working Definitions. Retrieved June 1, 2009 from the Office of Residential Life website http://www.unh.edu/residential-life/diversity/definitions.htm

 


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